Sunday, February 19, 2017

My decision to not seek reelection-

January 18, 2016 was the observed holiday to celebrate the birth of Martin Luther King, Jr. in 2016.  On this date, we as a family generally make our annual trip to the Fort Worth Stock Show and Rodeo. My kids have grown accustomed and look forward to this trip. Even my young daughter Evie knows that this is the day we make this trip. We attend a rodeo, and the kids ride the rides and eat fair food, it has been a great event in my life enjoying this day with my family.



On this date in 2016, however, I had several meetings scheduled related to my elected position on Aubrey city council. As anyone who knows me is clearly aware, I have always maintained a professional career, and so days like this provide a good opportunity for meetings during the day, which I can normally not attend due to my career. So this date was scheduled with back to back meetings pertaining to city business.

Although she was only three at the time, my daughter Evie knew that we were supposed to attend the stock show. I was in my office preparing for my meetings and she comes running in with a sense of excitement telling me to get dressed so that we can leave for the stock show. I told her that daddy had meetings and that mommy was taking her to the stock show this year. Her smile immediately turned to a frown and she started crying uncontrollably and ran out of the room. This was completely out of character for her, as she is normally even keeled. At this moment I knew I would not seek reelection, although I still had well over a year on my current term.

So on Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday 2016, I decided that I would not seek reelection or run for another elected office, at least not now. I also decided that I was going to try and get some things accomplished, and I knew I would have to be pretty aggressive to get things some things done. Therefore, I fully expected that I would ruffle a few feathers to make some of the needed changes in this city. During the 2016 election, I was so disgusted with the actions of some in our community that I frankly considered resigning in protest. Unfortunately, once you know, you can't not know, and deeper you get involved in things you see in local government, you see the pattern of mistakes and intentional disregard for the community. So I had pretty much reached my limit on local politics, but I won with a sizable portion of the vote and still had a lot of support in the community, they elected me to do a job, so I did not want to quit on them.

I send out periodic newsletters trying to keep the citizens informed of what's going on in city hall. On my last newsletter, I received overwhelmingly positive support and feedback. The citizens of this community are a whole lot smarter than our mayor and city staff give them credit for. They may not have time to show up at city hall for a meeting, but they do know what is going on and for the most part are sick and tired of it.

Over the past year, it has been more enjoyable to serve and I feel like a lot of progress has been made. There's more work to be done, but I feel good about the accomplishments we've made. Although, there was a contingency trying to get me to run for office this year, even by some who I consider enemies, I really never gave running for office again a second thought. I appreciate the support from the community, but I won't miss another trip to the stock show with my family.


Saturday, January 7, 2017

Message to Aubrey, TX City Staff

During the Aubrey City Council Meeting on December 20, 2016, my patience was worn thin by our mayor and some of Aubrey's senior city staff. There has been a continued problem of the mayor's agenda being pushed by city staff; truthfulness and accuracy doesn't appear to be part of the discussion. In this particular instance, we were discussing a potential swap of CCN or areas to serve water with Mustang Water.

A couple of years ago the city forced a developer to de-certify from the Mustang CCN. Since then the situation has changed, which will not allow this to happen in the future. Therefore, under the new scenario this development would be the only land in this area that would be served by Aubrey City Water. Thus, all of the infrastructure needed to provide water for this development would be an island 8 miles or so from Aubrey, never connected to legacy Aubrey. However, much of the area next to Aubrey's corporate limits currently cannot be served with Aubrey Water. Literally there are areas a mile from city hall that are not and will never been in our CCN without some sort of agreement. Therefore, it now makes sense for both parties to enter into some sort of CCN swap between Aubrey and Mustang.

However, our current mayor has been resistant to any sort of arrangement with Mustang, and would rather abuse the power of government to force developers into costly and lengthy lawsuits. Unfortunately, the Aubrey city staff on in many respects are caught in the middle. They technically work for the mayor, who has yet to show any common sense, or leadership abilities for that matter. So you have a situation where I believe that there are some on city council who would like to move forward with some sort of swap if it is beneficial for the city or the taxpayers.

Unfortunately, it appears that not only does our mayor oppose anything to do with this, but she is using our staff to run interference and mislead the public on her behalf. This really puts staff in an awkward position, and I am sympathetic for the position they are being put in. With as self-serving and incompetent as our mayor is, she would no doubt make their lives difficult if they did not comply with her unreasonable requests, and support her failing agenda. However, technically they should be working for the taxpayers, and trying to do what's best for Aubrey citizens.

There are however, a few on staff that are taking their jobs of defending the mayor's agenda to the point of being misleading to the public. This was the case at the meeting on December 20, 2016. It was this that pushed me to the breaking point on this matter. I personally believe that someone who would mislead the public on something of this magnitude should not simply lose their job, but should be charged with a criminal offense. Many of these issues could pose significant harm to the taxpayers, and these are multi-million dollar mistakes. We have already had one member of staff resign over this matter. I think the city would be better off if there were a few more that joined this official in resigning.

When I attended this meeting, I was not convinced that this CCN swap would be best for the taxpayers. I tried to have an open mind on the subject and take in all points of view. However, shortly after the mayor and city staff began their presentation, I knew this was yet another dog and pony show. This was a smoke and mirrors presentation, which was nothing more than lies or half-truths. It was at this point that staff began intentionally distorting the facts. You can hear at the point, when I begin get agitated here-



There are many hardworking Aubrey city employees who are caught in this mess that undeserving on the grief that they are going through. I realize that this is a career for them and this is definitely a stressful situation for them and their families. There are only a couple of senior staff that are becoming obstacles and misleading the public and therefore should probably move on, the rest of the city employees are some of the best at their positions, and should have no concern over losing their positions. These hardworking employees work for lower wages and less benefits than their peers in similar sized cities. However, they continue to come to work and do a stellar job throughout this situation, and I appreciate their hard work and dedication to the people of Aubrey. For those hardworking Aubrey employees, they do not need to worry about their jobs or positions. I will defend you and what you've meant to this city till my dying breath.

Saturday, December 31, 2016

Response to Attacks from Aubrey Mayor Janet Meyers

The following rant was posted on a community information website in Aubrey, TX by the Aubrey Mayor and/or her husband. I believe that the rant is actually the Mayor Janet Meyers, who is using her husband's profile to make these comments. The comments were removed after several complaints from Aubrey citizens of violations of the policies for this community site. There has been increasing tension among the Aubrey city council and Mayor Meyers.  Unfortunately, she simply does not have the leadership or interpersonal skills to bring the council or community together, but rather continues to divide it.  Although, I do not respond to everything written about me, I will take a few minutes to respond to the mayor's comments. A couple of these are nothing more than a regurgitation of old lies, but I will provide input nonetheless. 

Although this clearly states that it is Lyndon Meyers, it is my opinion that this is actually Janet Meyers using Lyndon's name for these attacks.  Most of the people in this community feel the same way, that she’s using her husband’s profile to avoid any potential backlash from the community.  She is the only one who believes she’s fooling anyone.  The original post by the mayor is in bold, my comments follow the original posts. 

Councilman Calvin Tillman MIA
LYNDON MEYERS from Quail Run · 8h ago
Well folks, Aubrey's Councilman Calvin Tillman is up to his old shenanigans again.


This week, he was a no show at the City Council meeting; didn't even notify anyone. There might be good reasons for this; like being in jail or the hospital. Maybe a family member was in the hospital; but he still could have notified someone. You can hear it hear in the 1st 35 seconds: 
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/1009...

Is this someone you want leading your city?



I am a bit surprised that Janet would worry so much about my whereabouts or well-being. Under Texas Law, a member of city council may be removed by the body if they miss "three" consecutive regularly scheduled meetings. I missed one consecutive regularly scheduled meeting. There is nothing in the statute that requires a city councilman to notify the mayor or staff if they are going to miss a meeting. In the past as a courtesy, I have notified staff if I was going to be unable to attend a meeting. However, some in the community were concerned that items showed up on the agenda whenever it was known that I would not be in attendance to intentionally avoid my input. Therefore, in this case, I did not feel it necessary to provide this information. Frankly, I am surprised she wasn't hoping for me to miss more meetings. 


As most everyone knows, my position on council is an unpaid position and I am not independently wealthy, so therefore I have to maintain a professional career. Therefore, when there are conflicts with the two schedules the paying job has to have priority. Fortunately, my paying job has nothing to do with my elected position, so I cannot or will not benefit personally from my position on council. Another good thing about this is I do not have any conflicts of interest that could sway decisions that I make on council. None of the decisions that I make on council will affect my pocket book in any manner. Unfortunately, mayor Janet Meyers cannot say the same. She does not maintain a professional career, and she does have several conflicts of interests with her position as mayor. 



Mayor Meyers has several financial interests in property in Aubrey which was left to her by her family, who was partners in some Aubrey developments. That in itself is really not that big of a deal. Unfortunately, I have yet to find someone who can stick to their convictions when they benefit from the outcome. Therefore, I do believe that Janet's service on council has helped her financially. A recent example of this was when she attempted to force a competing developer to donate a 100 foot right of way to the city and put in apartments or multi-family units as opposed to the single family homes that they were previously approved to build. This was adamantly opposed by the community, but Janet pushed it nonetheless. After working on this for almost a year, the zoning change was scrapped, and the harmed developers went back to their previous plan of single family homes.  Mayor Meyers and city have been nothing but an obstacle to any potential development in and around Aubrey.  City staff tries to shake down every developer, other than her of course, that shows up at city hall.  You can’t just come in a get a permit like the process says, everything turns into let’s make a deal.  I think this type of government was what the founding fathers were running from.  



As it turns out Janet has a financial interest in property in this same development, and she is preparing to start developing this land, so it certainly appears as though she used her position to help her financially. She has also asked for relief from some of the fees that she's imposed on others. She expect other developers to follow city rules, but when it comes to property that she has a financial interest in. Janet does not believe she should have to play by the same rules that her competition does. She also uses the standing government as a tool for her prosperity, again, not exactly what the founding fathers had envisioned, but it happens too often nonetheless. 

It is not surprising that Janet’s time as mayor has resulted in failed policies and chaos. She did not build a successful business, it was left to her by her family. She does not have a professional career now, other than what was left to her.  It certainly appears that she has been handed everything her entire life and has never had to work to support herself, so she is unfamiliar with needing to make tough decisions, or probably any decisions at all for that matter. Therefore, as mayor her lack of leadership abilities and decision making is becoming more and more apparent. She also lacks the ability to anticipate the future, she is way behind what the people of Aubrey want or need. I am not sure that I have ever seen a small town mayor so disconnected from the people she is supposed to represent.  Unfortunately, she does not recognize this weakness, and therefore does not readily accept input from others, and attacks others on council for trying to do what's best for the community.  A close friend provided me a quote, which I think is applicable to Janet’s style of leading -“Leadership is disappointing your constituents in increments they can absorb.”  Marty Linsky, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.



Calvin Tillman has time to lie and make accusations about me and my wife (the mayor of Aubrey) on his facebook page, but he doesn't have time to show up and do his job on the city council??

I am unsure of what "lie" Janet is referring to here. I did write a blog post related to some of the statements listed below, but I did not specifically mention Janet on Facebook. 

I assume she is talking about this article:

1. One lie Calvin Tillman stated is:

"Mayor Janet Meyers attempted to force her way into the meeting".
 

He was referring to an ETJ meeting invite that we received in our mailbox; just like most everyone reading post. She was turned away at the door; there was no "forcing". Is this someone you want leading your city?


I spoke about this incident previously, when Janet showed up at a meeting with the members of the Aubrey ETJ and was asked to leave. This rejection comes after she illegally imposed the Subdivision Ordinance, which she doesn't feel she needs to comply with, on the ETJ members. They were upset enough that they did not wish for her to be present during this meeting. Janet did nothing to ease this situation, and after she was asked to leave, she took it upon herself to give the folks from the ETJ a public flogging on a local news sharing site and crying to my neighbors. So if she wasn't thrown out of the meeting, she was doing some serious overreacting. 



After posting this on the website nextdoor.com, there were several complaints lodged against her, and the posting was quickly removed. So not only has she been banished from the ETJ meetings, she has been banished from a community website in the town she presides over, she is proving to be an epic failure as mayor.

2. Calvin Tillman told the audience in that same ETJ meeting that he doesn't have time to read documents prior to voting on them in city council meetings. Is this someone you want leading your city?

This is completely false, I would never vote on something of any significance if I had not had a chance to read and understand it. However, Councilmember Deborah Goin has made a statement that she does not have time to read her meeting package prior to the meetings. This would not be the first time Janet got her wires got crossed, as a matter of fact, they might be permanently crossed.  Janet was not in attendance at the ETJ meeting, as previously mentioned she was asked to leave, so she has no idea what was said at the meeting. What I did say was that I would not vote for something that I did not have time to read. I said this because it would appear that on certain occasions we are given something at the meeting, that we have not had time to review, and unless it is something trivial, I will not vote for, and if I did vote, it would only be after a long discussion.  Of course I believe that we are given something cold by Janet and staff intentionally, hoping that we'll pass it without wanting to read it or ask questions. One example of this was that Janet tried to get a development agreement passed for the property she has an interest in without providing me a copy of the agreement. I asked for this to be tabled until I could get a copy of this. As a matter of fact this has been one of my biggest complaints on this council.  We as elected officials need to be able to read and understand what we’re voting for, and unfortunately we can’t simply trust the mayor or staff, as it is becoming more and more apparent that they are showing lack candor and provide misinformation to the public.  I am reminded of the time when a reporter asked Ron Paul why he voted “no” on so many bills, his response was “I read them”.    



3. Calvin Tillman is seen here running from the press when asked about hiring Alisa Rich; who stated under oath that she made fraudulent claims:

Is this someone you want leading your city?



As with most things, Janet is in over her head and way behind the power curve. This was a hit piece by Phelim McAleer, who is a paid liar by the oil and gas industry, and was done several years ago. 


Here’s another more recent posting of the fraudulent ways of Phelim McAleer-

Since McAleer’s video has been released, the frivolous lawsuit filed on Alisa Rich by Range Resources was thrown out under the Texas law that prevents Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation. Which are lawsuits ant to silence critics.  You can read about SLAPP strategy here: 
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_lawsuit_against_public_participation

This fraudulent lawsuit was the basis of the Phelim's attack on me and also the primary basis for his entire film Fracknation, which is now proven to be completely false and inaccurate. When this lawsuit was thrown out, his whole movie was invalidated, he has not apologized to Alisa for his slanderous comments. 

So the basis of the entire film has proven to be a fraud as Phelim McAleer is. I also challenged Phelim to a debate, which after public pressure he accepted. After resounding victory over Phelim in this debate, even those in the oil and gas industry concede my victory, he has been in hiding from me.

So as usual, Janet has no idea what she is talking about, she just regurgitates a lie from a few years ago. Fortunately, there's nothing in my past that I am afraid of, and if this is the best they can come up with, I have to feel pretty good about my life.  This does however show an intense weakness with Janet.  She has some serious disorder to act in the manner she does, and if she’s not on medication, she definitely needs to be, or a minimum seeing a professional therapist.   



4. Calvin Tillman wanted to sell our water to Mustang SUD; against most citizen's wishes. Is this someone you want leading your city?


Selling was one of the options that was presented, which in hindsight some of these options looks pretty good. We took out a 5.5 million dollar bond to provide water to an area that we now know, we'll never have the right to serve water to. During the discussion on the 5.5 million dollar water bond, everything that I stated has proving to be accurate.  I've already address this, you can read about this here:





Additionally, I sent the following out to Aubrey Citizens regarding the Mustang Water issue – Again Janet attempted to attack myself and other council members on the next door community website.

There has been much discussion on local neighborhood website regarding a recent vote on revising a development agreement with the Lakes of Regatta developer, which is located off of FM 2931.  A couple of years ago, the City of Aubrey forced this same developer to decertify another development from Mustang Water, so that Aubrey could provide water and sewer services.  In response to that and to help protect its current investments, Mustang took on Federal debt, which ultimately stops future decertification of its system.  In order to decertify Mustang, the developer could be responsible for millions of dollars of legal fees, as well as being tied up in Federal Court for many years.  The original Regatta development agreement had Aubrey providing sewer and water for this development, but under the new circumstances, that simply was not going to happen.  Therefore, your city council voted to 4-1 to allow the developer out of that section of the development agreement.  The Aubrey mayor and city staff was suggesting that we force this developer into a lawsuit that they could not win, fortunately common sense prevailed.  It would be fundamentally unfair for the local government to hold a developer hostage over something they could do nothing about.

This scenario will have future impacts on the city.  Aubrey has taken out 5.5 million dollars of loans to build a new water tower primarily for the Regatta development.  I knew that Mustang was taking out this debt, and that Aubrey would not be providing water service to this development.  I suggested to the rest of council that at a minimum, we do something smaller.  However, the majority of council at the time did not feel the same way, and ridiculed me for making this suggestion.  This additional debt will cause your water bill to go up at least 20% over the next five years.  Any increase in your taxes will be a result of the city foolishly building this water tower, not the vote on the development agreement.  While I enjoy history proving that I was right, this is not good for the City of Aubrey.

5. Calvin Tillman has and is posting negative things; trying to smear 2 other council members. Now, he has decided to try and smear me and Janet. In my opinion, the likes of Calvin Tillman is the reason nobody good wants to run for office. Who wants to put up with people like him?



While trying to smear someone, may be a bit strong, knowing the truth about your elected officials is important.

I have often said that “if you quit spreading lies about me, I'll quit spread the truth about you”. 

The fact of the matter is that Janet has no clue what she's doing, and anytime others have provided reasonable advise, they have been belittled and ridiculed, so she obviously will not be confused with facts. Pretty much everything that I have suggested has proven to be right. However, she is too proud or too dumb to take sound advice.  When your voice is silenced in a position that you were elected to, you unfortunately left with few options, and writing about what is going on is one of my options. Guess some don't like reading about themselves. 

I will say that I must thank Janet for the publicity she gave to my website. The day she was thrown off of nextdoor.com for posting this nonsense, the traffic on my site quadrupled. While she probably had a few that we sympathetic to her cause, the rest got to read what she was really all about, and what she was really doing to our town. 

I think this entire rant shows the character or lack thereof for our mayor and/or her husband.  In almost two years on council there has not been any new development approved as a result of the action of Mayor Meyers or Aubrey city staff.  For crying out loud, Aubrey citizens can’t even get a straight answer on anything, and everything has to turn into a major deal.  When people call me with complaints, I suggest that they request that it goes straight to council.  We may not be the cohesive team on council, but all of us have some level of sympathy with our citizens and or developers.  People should not have to go to city council to get something done, staff should be able to handle these minor issues.    



One reason that I suspect this is Janet and not her husband, is that this sounds like her writing.  For instance, she keeps repeating the phrase “is this someone who you want running your city?”.  This is the same as other writings by her.  I am not exactly where she’s going with this statement.  Pretty sure if most of the people in this community knew what she was doing, or not doing, they wouldn’t want her running anything.  She did not have an opponent for any of her elections.  So nobody really knows who she is or what she’s made of.  If there was an election, where she had to interact with the people, they’d realize quickly what an idiot she is.  Whoever follows her as mayor, is going to have a big mess to clean up.  Strangely enough, there are a growing number of people who are encouraging me to run against her as mayor.  As I said, whoever follows her as mayor, will have a big mess to clean up, including doing a little house cleaning at city hall.  However, I am not sure that I have the desire to clean up the mess that Janet is making.  


Saturday, December 3, 2016

Phelim McAleer the Perpetual Victim

For some odd reason my old nemesis Phelim McAleer has put me on his mass email list. Therefore, all of the propaganda sent out by McAleer and his gang comes directly to me. This is a small price to pay for giving him a Texas butt whippin in a debate a couple of years ago. He actually stalked me for a while, however, for the most part he has avoided and doesn't respond to me in any way since the debate. I saw something recently out of Phelim that humored me. He was claiming to have been under assault and held against his will at the Standing Rock protest in North Dakota. He goes on and on about how he feared for his life and how brave his film crew was. However, the actual video he used as an example shows nothing of the sort. He was asked to leave, but was never threatened or assaulted.  Playing the victim is nothing new for Phelim, he has that role down. Here's a link to the video where he "feared for his life", you can make up your own mind as to how much risk he was in-


The folks from Standing Rock responded to his allegations here-


Keep in mind that those in the camp have been shot at with rubber bullets, tear gas, water cannons and concussion grenades – poor Phelim.


Although, he put me in his film Fracknation, he did this without ever speaking to me, this of course was intentional. Therefore, the first time we actually met was in New York for the premier of Gasland 2. Well, met may be a little bit of a stretch. I did actually introduce myself to him, but he did not want to talk to me, our main interactions was when him and his hideous wife were screaming obscenities and me and my family while we getting our photos taken on the red carpet. He made such an ass of himself that didn't even make into see the premier. After the premier we had to be escorted by security to keep him and his henchmen from attacking us. Finally, after another Gasland 2 showing, he was chasing us down and pushing and shoving several of the people with us until someone asked us him to leave, he bumped into us again and then called the cops on himself. Hmmm, that sounds like what happened at Standing Rock.

I wrote about some of my interactions with Phelim here-


I spoke on video about some of my interactions with Phelim here-


What happened at Standing Rock was nothing new for Phelim, he has and always will be looking for an angle to play the victim.  Personally I think he has some undiagnosed mental issues, and probably needs medication or therapy.  However, his ego is way too big to admit that he’s nuts.  I was surprised to learn that he is only a few years older than me.  When you see him in person, he looks like death warmed over.  They threw a little makeup on him for the debate and frankly it looked like the work of a mortician. 


Just remember the next time that Phelim is feeling victimized for his great work, that he’s nuts and needs help, but in no way is he a victim.  

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Controlling the Media

There has been a recent disturbing trend of journalists being prosecuted for performing journalism.  These most recent arrest of journalist happened during pipeline protests in North Dakota.  Two journalist covering two separate protests were arrested and charged with very serious crimes.  Whether you agree with the protests or not, the arresting of journalists for doing journalism is a very scary prospect, that none of us should support.

This is something you would expect to hear about in countries ruled by a dictator, not America. Manipulating the media message is nothing new. When Hitler assumed power in Germany, one of the first things that he did was to take control of the media.  When you hang a threat of a felony conviction with potentially 45 years in prison for doing journalism, that is meant to send a message.  If you report something that we don't like, then we'll ruin your life, and perhaps put you in prison.  One of requirements for a free society is to have freedom of the press.  Even if you don't agree with what's being reported, you'll lose your freedoms when we take away what free press we have left.

Fortunately, one of the journalists has been cleared of any wrong doing; however, journalist Deia Schlosberg is still being charged for felony crimes.   She is a very close friend of a very close friend, and I for one stand with her in this battle to preserve the Constitution and freedom of the press.

Sunday, October 23, 2016

Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.

16 April 1963

My Dear Fellow Clergymen:

While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely." Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.

I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham, since you have been influenced by the view which argues against "outsiders coming in." I have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Frequently we share staff, educational and financial resources with our affiliates. Several months ago the affiliate here in Birmingham asked us to be on call to engage in a nonviolent direct action program if such were deemed necessary. We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise. So I, along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. I am here because I have organizational ties here.

But more basically, I am in Birmingham because injustice is here. Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their "thus saith the Lord" far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid.

Moreover, I am cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states. I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial "outside agitator" idea. Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds.

You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. But your statement, I am sorry to say, fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. It is unfortunate that demonstrations are taking place in Birmingham, but it is even more unfortunate that the city's white power structure left the Negro community with no alternative.

In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. We have gone through all these steps in Birmingham. There can be no gainsaying the fact that racial injustice engulfs this community. Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States. Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation. These are the hard, brutal facts of the case. On the basis of these conditions, Negro leaders sought to negotiate with the city fathers. But the latter consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation.

Then, last September, came the opportunity to talk with leaders of Birmingham's economic community. In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs. On the basis of these promises, the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the leaders of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights agreed to a moratorium on all demonstrations. As the weeks and months went by, we realized that we were the victims of a broken promise. A few signs, briefly removed, returned; the others remained. As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of deep disappointment settled upon us. We had no alternative except to prepare for direct action, whereby we would present our very bodies as a means of laying our case before the conscience of the local and the national community. Mindful of the difficulties involved, we decided to undertake a process of self purification. We began a series of workshops on nonviolence, and we repeatedly asked ourselves: "Are you able to accept blows without retaliating?" "Are you able to endure the ordeal of jail?" We decided to schedule our direct action program for the Easter season, realizing that except for Christmas, this is the main shopping period of the year. Knowing that a strong economic-withdrawal program would be the by product of direct action, we felt that this would be the best time to bring pressure to bear on the merchants for the needed change.

Then it occurred to us that Birmingham's mayoral election was coming up in March, and we speedily decided to postpone action until after election day. When we discovered that the Commissioner of Public Safety, Eugene "Bull" Connor, had piled up enough votes to be in the run off, we decided again to postpone action until the day after the run off so that the demonstrations could not be used to cloud the issues. Like many others, we waited to see Mr. Connor defeated, and to this end we endured postponement after postponement. Having aided in this community need, we felt that our direct action program could be delayed no longer.

You may well ask: "Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn't negotiation a better path?" You are quite right in calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word "tension." I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth. Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal, so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood. The purpose of our direct action program is to create a situation so crisis packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation. I therefore concur with you in your call for negotiation. Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue.

One of the basic points in your statement is that the action that I and my associates have taken in Birmingham is untimely. Some have asked: "Why didn't you give the new city administration time to act?" The only answer that I can give to this query is that the new Birmingham administration must be prodded about as much as the outgoing one, before it will act. We are sadly mistaken if we feel that the election of Albert Boutwell as mayor will bring the millennium to Birmingham. While Mr. Boutwell is a much more gentle person than Mr. Connor, they are both segregationists, dedicated to maintenance of the status quo. I have hope that Mr. Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation. But he will not see this without pressure from devotees of civil rights. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure. Lamentably, it is an historical fact that privileged groups seldom give up their privileges voluntarily. Individuals may see the moral light and voluntarily give up their unjust posture; but, as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups tend to be more immoral than individuals.

We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed. Frankly, I have yet to engage in a direct action campaign that was "well timed" in the view of those who have not suffered unduly from the disease of segregation. For years now I have heard the word "Wait!" It rings in the ear of every Negro with piercing familiarity. This "Wait" has almost always meant "Never." We must come to see, with one of our distinguished jurists, that "justice too long delayed is justice denied."

We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, "Wait." But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six year old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning to distort her personality by developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people; when you have to concoct an answer for a five year old son who is asking: "Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?"; when you take a cross county drive and find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortable corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading "white" and "colored"; when your first name becomes "nigger," your middle name becomes "boy" (however old you are) and your last name becomes "John," and your wife and mother are never given the respected title "Mrs."; when you are harried by day and haunted by night by the fact that you are a Negro, living constantly at tiptoe stance, never quite knowing what to expect next, and are plagued with inner fears and outer resentments; when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of "nobodiness"--then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair. I hope, sirs, you can understand our legitimate and unavoidable impatience. You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern.

Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court's decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may well ask: "How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?" The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that "an unjust law is no law at all."

Now, what is the difference between the two? How does one determine whether a law is just or unjust? A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority. Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, substitutes an "I it" relationship for an "I thou" relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things. Hence segregation is not only politically, economically and sociologically unsound, it is morally wrong and sinful. Paul Tillich has said that sin is separation. Is not segregation an existential expression of man's tragic separation, his awful estrangement, his terrible sinfulness? Thus it is that I can urge men to obey the 1954 decision of the Supreme Court, for it is morally right; and I can urge them to disobey segregation ordinances, for they are morally wrong.
Let us consider a more concrete example of just and unjust laws. An unjust law is a code that a numerical or power majority group compels a minority group to obey but does not make binding on itself. This is difference made legal. By the same token, a just law is a code that a majority compels a minority to follow and that it is willing to follow itself. This is sameness made legal. Let me give another explanation. A law is unjust if it is inflicted on a minority that, as a result of being denied the right to vote, had no part in enacting or devising the law. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered. Can any law enacted under such circumstances be considered democratically structured?

Sometimes a law is just on its face and unjust in its application. For instance, I have been arrested on a charge of parading without a permit. Now, there is nothing wrong in having an ordinance which requires a permit for a parade. But such an ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest.

I hope you are able to see the distinction I am trying to point out. In no sense do I advocate evading or defying the law, as would the rabid segregationist. That would lead to anarchy. One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty. I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law.

Of course, there is nothing new about this kind of civil disobedience. It was evidenced sublimely in the refusal of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego to obey the laws of Nebuchadnezzar, on the ground that a higher moral law was at stake. It was practiced superbly by the early Christians, who were willing to face hungry lions and the excruciating pain of chopping blocks rather than submit to certain unjust laws of the Roman Empire. To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. In our own nation, the Boston Tea Party represented a massive act of civil disobedience.

We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal." It was "illegal" to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws.

I must make two honest confessions to you, my Christian and Jewish brothers. First, I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to "order" than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says: "I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I cannot agree with your methods of direct action"; who paternalistically believes he can set the timetable for another man's freedom; who lives by a mythical concept of time and who constantly advises the Negro to wait for a "more convenient season." Shallow understanding from people of good will is more frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will. Lukewarm acceptance is much more bewildering than outright rejection.

I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and that when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress. I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that the present tension in the South is a necessary phase of the transition from an obnoxious negative peace, in which the Negro passively accepted his unjust plight, to a substantive and positive peace, in which all men will respect the dignity and worth of human personality. Actually, we who engage in nonviolent direct action are not the creators of tension. We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive. We bring it out in the open, where it can be seen and dealt with. Like a boil that can never be cured so long as it is covered up but must be opened with all its ugliness to the natural medicines of air and light, injustice must be exposed, with all the tension its exposure creates, to the light of human conscience and the air of national opinion before it can be cured.

In your statement you assert that our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. But is this a logical assertion? Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the evil act of robbery? Isn't this like condemning Socrates because his unswerving commitment to truth and his philosophical inquiries precipitated the act by the misguided populace in which they made him drink hemlock? Isn't this like condemning Jesus because his unique God consciousness and never ceasing devotion to God's will precipitated the evil act of crucifixion? We must come to see that, as the federal courts have consistently affirmed, it is wrong to urge an individual to cease his efforts to gain his basic constitutional rights because the quest may precipitate violence. Society must protect the robbed and punish the robber. I had also hoped that the white moderate would reject the myth concerning time in relation to the struggle for freedom. I have just received a letter from a white brother in Texas. He writes: "All Christians know that the colored people will receive equal rights eventually, but it is possible that you are in too great a religious hurry. It has taken Christianity almost two thousand years to accomplish what it has. The teachings of Christ take time to come to earth." Such an attitude stems from a tragic misconception of time, from the strangely irrational notion that there is something in the very flow of time that will inevitably cure all ills. Actually, time itself is neutral; it can be used either destructively or constructively. More and more I feel that the people of ill will have used time much more effectively than have the people of good will. We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the tireless efforts of men willing to be co workers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. We must use time creatively, in the knowledge that the time is always ripe to do right. Now is the time to make real the promise of democracy and transform our pending national elegy into a creative psalm of brotherhood. Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of human dignity.

You speak of our activity in Birmingham as extreme. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist. I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency, made up in part of Negroes who, as a result of long years of oppression, are so drained of self respect and a sense of "somebodiness" that they have adjusted to segregation; and in part of a few middle-class Negroes who, because of a degree of academic and economic security and because in some ways they profit by segregation, have become insensitive to the problems of the masses. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to advocating violence. It is expressed in the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement. Nourished by the Negro's frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination, this movement is made up of people who have lost faith in America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incorrigible "devil."

I have tried to stand between these two forces, saying that we need emulate neither the "do nothingism" of the complacent nor the hatred and despair of the black nationalist. For there is the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. If this philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets of the South would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood. And I am further convinced that if our white brothers dismiss as "rabble rousers" and "outside agitators" those of us who employ nonviolent direct action, and if they refuse to support our nonviolent efforts, millions of Negroes will, out of frustration and despair, seek solace and security in black nationalist ideologies--a development that would inevitably lead to a frightening racial nightmare.

Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. The yearning for freedom eventually manifests itself, and that is what has happened to the American Negro. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. Consciously or unconsciously, he has been caught up by the Zeitgeist, and with his black brothers of Africa and his brown and yellow brothers of Asia, South America and the Caribbean, the United States Negro is moving with a sense of great urgency toward the promised land of racial justice. If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. The Negro has many pent up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them. So let him march; let him make prayer pilgrimages to the city hall; let him go on freedom rides -and try to understand why he must do so. If his repressed emotions are not released in nonviolent ways, they will seek expression through violence; this is not a threat but a fact of history. So I have not said to my people: "Get rid of your discontent." Rather, I have tried to say that this normal and healthy discontent can be channeled into the creative outlet of nonviolent direct action. And now this approach is being termed extremist. But though I was initially disappointed at being categorized as an extremist, as I continued to think about the matter I gradually gained a measure of satisfaction from the label. Was not Jesus an extremist for love: "Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you." Was not Amos an extremist for justice: "Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an ever flowing stream." Was not Paul an extremist for the Christian gospel: "I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus." Was not Martin Luther an extremist: "Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise, so help me God." And John Bunyan: "I will stay in jail to the end of my days before I make a butchery of my conscience." And Abraham Lincoln: "This nation cannot survive half slave and half free." And Thomas Jefferson: "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal . . ." So the question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be. Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Will we be extremists for the preservation of injustice or for the extension of justice? In that dramatic scene on Calvary's hill three men were crucified. We must never forget that all three were crucified for the same crime--the crime of extremism. Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment. The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment. Perhaps the South, the nation and the world are in dire need of creative extremists.

I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. Perhaps I was too optimistic; perhaps I expected too much. I suppose I should have realized that few members of the oppressor race can understand the deep groans and passionate yearnings of the oppressed race, and still fewer have the vision to see that injustice must be rooted out by strong, persistent and determined action. I am thankful, however, that some of our white brothers in the South have grasped the meaning of this social revolution and committed themselves to it. They are still all too few in quantity, but they are big in quality. Some -such as Ralph McGill, Lillian Smith, Harry Golden, James McBride Dabbs, Ann Braden and Sarah Patton Boyle--have written about our struggle in eloquent and prophetic terms. Others have marched with us down nameless streets of the South. They have languished in filthy, roach infested jails, suffering the abuse and brutality of policemen who view them as "dirty nigger-lovers." Unlike so many of their moderate brothers and sisters, they have recognized the urgency of the moment and sensed the need for powerful "action" antidotes to combat the disease of segregation. Let me take note of my other major disappointment. I have been so greatly disappointed with the white church and its leadership. Of course, there are some notable exceptions. I am not unmindful of the fact that each of you has taken some significant stands on this issue. I commend you, Reverend Stallings, for your Christian stand on this past Sunday, in welcoming Negroes to your worship service on a nonsegregated basis. I commend the Catholic leaders of this state for integrating Spring Hill College several years ago.

But despite these notable exceptions, I must honestly reiterate that I have been disappointed with the church. I do not say this as one of those negative critics who can always find something wrong with the church. I say this as a minister of the gospel, who loves the church; who was nurtured in its bosom; who has been sustained by its spiritual blessings and who will remain true to it as long as the cord of life shall lengthen.

When I was suddenly catapulted into the leadership of the bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama, a few years ago, I felt we would be supported by the white church. I felt that the white ministers, priests and rabbis of the South would be among our strongest allies. Instead, some have been outright opponents, refusing to understand the freedom movement and misrepresenting its leaders; all too many others have been more cautious than courageous and have remained silent behind the anesthetizing security of stained glass windows.

In spite of my shattered dreams, I came to Birmingham with the hope that the white religious leadership of this community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, would serve as the channel through which our just grievances could reach the power structure. I had hoped that each of you would understand. But again I have been disappointed.

I have heard numerous southern religious leaders admonish their worshipers to comply with a desegregation decision because it is the law, but I have longed to hear white ministers declare: "Follow this decree because integration is morally right and because the Negro is your brother." In the midst of blatant injustices inflicted upon the Negro, I have watched white churchmen stand on the sideline and mouth pious irrelevancies and sanctimonious trivialities. In the midst of a mighty struggle to rid our nation of racial and economic injustice, I have heard many ministers say: "Those are social issues, with which the gospel has no real concern." And I have watched many churches commit themselves to a completely other worldly religion which makes a strange, un-Biblical distinction between body and soul, between the sacred and the secular.

I have traveled the length and breadth of Alabama, Mississippi and all the other southern states. On sweltering summer days and crisp autumn mornings I have looked at the South's beautiful churches with their lofty spires pointing heavenward. I have beheld the impressive outlines of her massive religious education buildings. Over and over I have found myself asking: "What kind of people worship here? Who is their God? Where were their voices when the lips of Governor Barnett dripped with words of interposition and nullification? Where were they when Governor Wallace gave a clarion call for defiance and hatred? Where were their voices of support when bruised and weary Negro men and women decided to rise from the dark dungeons of complacency to the bright hills of creative protest?"

Yes, these questions are still in my mind. In deep disappointment I have wept over the laxity of the church. But be assured that my tears have been tears of love. There can be no deep disappointment where there is not deep love. Yes, I love the church. How could I do otherwise? I am in the rather unique position of being the son, the grandson and the great grandson of preachers. Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. But, oh! How we have blemished and scarred that body through social neglect and through fear of being nonconformists.

There was a time when the church was very powerful--in the time when the early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed. In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society. Whenever the early Christians entered a town, the people in power became disturbed and immediately sought to convict the Christians for being "disturbers of the peace" and "outside agitators."' But the Christians pressed on, in the conviction that they were "a colony of heaven," called to obey God rather than man. Small in number, they were big in commitment. They were too God-intoxicated to be "astronomically intimidated." By their effort and example they brought an end to such ancient evils as infanticide and gladiatorial contests. Things are different now. So often the contemporary church is a weak, ineffectual voice with an uncertain sound. So often it is an archdefender of the status quo. Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of things as they are.

But the judgment of God is upon the church as never before. If today's church does not recapture the sacrificial spirit of the early church, it will lose its authenticity, forfeit the loyalty of millions, and be dismissed as an irrelevant social club with no meaning for the twentieth century. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust.

Perhaps I have once again been too optimistic. Is organized religion too inextricably bound to the status quo to save our nation and the world? Perhaps I must turn my faith to the inner spiritual church, the church within the church, as the true ekklesia and the hope of the world. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. They have left their secure congregations and walked the streets of Albany, Georgia, with us. They have gone down the highways of the South on tortuous rides for freedom. Yes, they have gone to jail with us. Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers. But they have acted in the faith that right defeated is stronger than evil triumphant. Their witness has been the spiritual salt that has preserved the true meaning of the gospel in these troubled times. They have carved a tunnel of hope through the dark mountain of disappointment. I hope the church as a whole will meet the challenge of this decisive hour. But even if the church does not come to the aid of justice, I have no despair about the future. I have no fear about the outcome of our struggle in Birmingham, even if our motives are at present misunderstood. We will reach the goal of freedom in Birmingham and all over the nation, because the goal of America is freedom. Abused and scorned though we may be, our destiny is tied up with America's destiny. Before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, we were here. Before the pen of Jefferson etched the majestic words of the Declaration of Independence across the pages of history, we were here. For more than two centuries our forebears labored in this country without wages; they made cotton king; they built the homes of their masters while suffering gross injustice and shameful humiliation -and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to thrive and develop. If the inexpressible cruelties of slavery could not stop us, the opposition we now face will surely fail. We will win our freedom because the sacred heritage of our nation and the eternal will of God are embodied in our echoing demands. Before closing I feel impelled to mention one other point in your statement that has troubled me profoundly. You warmly commended the Birmingham police force for keeping "order" and "preventing violence." I doubt that you would have so warmly commended the police force if you had seen its dogs sinking their teeth into unarmed, nonviolent Negroes. I doubt that you would so quickly commend the policemen if you were to observe their ugly and inhumane treatment of Negroes here in the city jail; if you were to watch them push and curse old Negro women and young Negro girls; if you were to see them slap and kick old Negro men and young boys; if you were to observe them, as they did on two occasions, refuse to give us food because we wanted to sing our grace together. I cannot join you in your praise of the Birmingham police department.

It is true that the police have exercised a degree of discipline in handling the demonstrators. In this sense they have conducted themselves rather "nonviolently" in public. But for what purpose? To preserve the evil system of segregation. Over the past few years I have consistently preached that nonviolence demands that the means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek. I have tried to make clear that it is wrong to use immoral means to attain moral ends. But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or perhaps even more so, to use moral means to preserve immoral ends. Perhaps Mr. Connor and his policemen have been rather nonviolent in public, as was Chief Pritchett in Albany, Georgia, but they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of racial injustice. As T. S. Eliot has said: "The last temptation is the greatest treason: To do the right deed for the wrong reason."

I wish you had commended the Negro sit inners and demonstrators of Birmingham for their sublime courage, their willingness to suffer and their amazing discipline in the midst of great provocation. One day the South will recognize its real heroes. They will be the James Merediths, with the noble sense of purpose that enables them to face jeering and hostile mobs, and with the agonizing loneliness that characterizes the life of the pioneer. They will be old, oppressed, battered Negro women, symbolized in a seventy two year old woman in Montgomery, Alabama, who rose up with a sense of dignity and with her people decided not to ride segregated buses, and who responded with ungrammatical profundity to one who inquired about her weariness: "My feets is tired, but my soul is at rest." They will be the young high school and college students, the young ministers of the gospel and a host of their elders, courageously and nonviolently sitting in at lunch counters and willingly going to jail for conscience' sake. One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.

Never before have I written so long a letter. I'm afraid it is much too long to take your precious time. I can assure you that it would have been much shorter if I had been writing from a comfortable desk, but what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers?

If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me. If I have said anything that understates the truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me.

I hope this letter finds you strong in the faith. I also hope that circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as an integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a Christian brother. Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty.

Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood, Martin Luther King, Jr.
Published in:

King, Martin Luther Jr. 

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Distorting the Message

We recently had a very impactful vote on the Aubrey City Council.  This pertained to amending a previous development agreement on the Regatta development, located off of FM 2931.  There are multiple tentacles of this agreement, and there really is not a simple answer, but I will do my best to explain what actually took place and why.  However, to be clear, this vote only effected one minor section of the agreement.

Over the past several years, instead of using a fraction of common sense, Aubrey leadership has had a "take over the world" mentality.  They have been convinced that they would soon be the next Frisco, TX.  However, many people moving to Aubrey are coming from Frisco, TX, wanting to get away from the hustle and bustle.  The Aubrey leadership, never took this into account, and were more driven by their egos and legacies, and of course, they never asked the people of Aubrey what they wanted.

There were several development agreements signed with multiple developers around the Aubrey area.  As part of all of these agreements, the developer was forced to decertify the Certificates of Convenience and Necessity (CCN), of Mustang Water.  The CCN could most easily as described as the territory where the service provider has exclusive rights to provide water/waste water services.

Aubrey has reached out and annexed a large development off of FM 1385, some 8 miles from the city center.  The legality of this annexation could certainly be questioned, because of the distance from the city, it not being contiguous with the rest of the city's corporate limits.  Currently this development is an island of the city of Aubrey, which technically shouldn't happen.

This development was literally across the street from a Mustang water tower, which they had invested millions of dollars in.  Unfortunately, without ever contacting Mustang, this developer was forced to decertify from the Mustang CCN, and turn the CCN over to Aubrey.  The city never made any contact with Mustang during this process or tried work out a win-win solution.  

This winner take all approach, was essentially a declaration of war on Mustang, and a huge waste of tax payer money, because another water tower would literally be built across the street from the Mustang tower.  There was no negotiating with Mustang on the matter and there was input accepted.  This was accomplished under our previous mayor for the most-part.

Our current mayor wrote in a local publication that Aubrey was preparing to provide water service to all 42 square miles of our ETJ, sending a clear message that Aubrey was in fact looking to take over much more of Mustang's CCN.  For this reason Mustang took preventative measure to make it more difficult for their CCN to be impacted, and thus protecting it's massive investments.  Therefore, Aubrey will not be taking any more of Mustang's CCN without spending way more money than we could ever afford, and likely losing even if we did spend the money.

It is disappointing that we have gotten to this point, as I knew that Mustang would be taking these preventative measures to protect their investments.  Therefore, I suggested that we work closer with Mustang, and not continue the combative relationship with them.  However, the smartest people in the room, (who now are proven to be fools), would have none of that talk.  I was ridiculed by my peers for telling them exactly what was going to happen, which history has proven to be correct.  

During this same timeframe there was several concerned members of the Aubrey ETJ that were concerned about the legality of the Aubrey Subdivision Ordinance.  Therefore, they planned a meeting to get more organized as a group, when Mayor Janet Meyers attempted to force her way into the meeting, she was politely asked to leave; myself and councilman Chris Huber were invited guests to this meeting.  Her response to this was to immediately submit a letter to a local blog news site, and then go to my neighbors crying big girl tears, saying that I was making everyone hate her.  Not sure why she can't see that if anyone hates her, it's her policies that's causing it, not me.

The development agreement for the Regatta development also had the clause that required decertification from the Mustang CCN.  However, under the new scenario, the developer would likely have to go to Federal Court to even attempt this.  The proposition of going to Federal Court could easily cost the developer a million dollars, and probably more costly, it could take years to work through the court process, which would not allow the developer to take advantage of the current growth coming to this area.  However, our mayor and staff was pushing for us to force the developer to do just.

Fortunately for the people of Aubrey, there were some adults in the room that night to prevent this foolishness.  Unfortunately, after the council overwhelmingly voted to support amending the development agreement preventing costly lawsuit, we were criticized by our mayor and/or her husband on a local community website.  For saving the city a potential lawsuit, and not holding a developer hostage, we were criticized by the person who is supposed to the leader of this community.

The mayor of a town is comparable to the CEO of company, the CEO of Aubrey, TX is piling on unnecessary debt, trying her damnedest to get us sued, and encouraging holding developers hostage.  Frankly, the responses from Mayor Janet Meyers whenever she feels a little pressure, shows some mental unstableness.  If she's not currently on medication, she may need to look into it, because she is definitely not rational in some instances.

Another comment on this site also alluded that this vote would somehow raise taxes.  This statement shows the level of ignorance and misinformation that is being spread.  The fact of the matter is that we should have never passed the 5.5 million dollar bond package.  While it was not broadly discussed during the discussion of this foolish expenditure, the main reason that the bond package was so big, was with the intention of serving water to the Regatta development.  However, the majority of council would not be confused with facts, and therefore this unneeded expenditure passed.  This unnecessary bond package may cause a need for taxes to go up in the future.

It is unfortunate that there is such a high level of ignorance and that the people of this community believe what they've been told without first checking the source.  It is also unfortunate that the elected officials, will blatantly mislead and lie to the citizens that trust them.  I encourage all citizens to trust but verify with their officials.  I understand for the most-part local elected officials are volunteers, but that does not relieve them from the responsibilities of their office, or the oath they took.